When you need more living space, by-pass the attic, forget the backyard, and turn to the basement. That space that you are most
likely using primarily for storage is prime remodeling territory. For many homeowners, it's the best-kept secret in space expansion.
Before you say "no way", consider these facts:|
Finishing the basement is a simple and cost-effective alternative to adding square footage to a house. In fact, the cost of
finishing your basement, with all or most of the same features [the skylights are the only
exception] you would get with an all-new 'built-up' or 'built-out' addition, is around 25% ! The key is to stop thinking of the
remodeling space as a 'basement' and reconsider it as an addition. That is exactly what you'll get if you apply the following tips.
Since basements are surrounded by earth that remains at a relatively constant temperature year around, they're naturally cooler in the
summer than above ground rooms. In the winter, the opposite holds true. Dense masonry foundations keep them quiet, too, which makes
them perfect for the functions people most want to add to their homes: a playroom for the kids, a home office, an exercise area, a large
custom shower, a sauna, a guest space or just a place to unwind and shoot some pool, throw darts, play ping pong. The dark end of a basement
is the ideal place for a home theater. A kitchenette or a wet bar adds a nice touch, not to mention practicality.
Do you have teenagers? Not yet? Well, if you do, there's another, considerable benefit that could prove priceless. You can convert your
basement to quality space where they can "hang out" with their friends, rather than "who knows where." It's a sensible way to keep control on what they're doing. Since the
work usually takes place in an out-of-the-way area with its own entrance, the contractor and his crew can spare the occupants much of the
hassle that goes with remodeling other parts of the house. To be sure, basements present challenges -- small windows, low ceilings, structural
columns. But with the right budget, all can be overcome or even transformed into assets. And unlike other existing spaces, basements flaws
are obvious, so you won't have to budget for unpleasant surprises.
Best of all, the structure is already there: four walls, a floor and
ceiling, all paid for. What homeowner wouldn't like to hear that the job is 30 percent finished before the contractor even picks up a hammer?
Maximize window area, for emergency escape as well as maximum daylight. Most building codes require every room to have two ways to exit
[NOTE: a window is considered a way to exit, but only if the bottom of that window is no higher than
44" from the finished floor]. Keep
the floor plan "open"; this will make the place brighter, and lower your overall project costs. Funnel in as much daylight as possible.
The existing windows wells can be dug deeper, so that larger and lower windows can be installed. This remains true even if cutting through
solid, poured concrete foundation walls is necessary. There's a company ['Bilco'] that introduced a product called 'Scapewel'. It's a large
window well system made of structural rigid foam. Terraced steps scoop in natural light and provide easy escape. The steps can be enhanced
with potted plants. We prefer to build our own windows wells from scratch, for a more finished and consistent look.
Don't be stingy with artificial lighting; a basement should be lit more heavily than above-grade areas, especially if it will be used as a
Replace the existing door on the main floor leading to the basement stairs with a French door. Not only more light will reach the basement,
but since you can now see through the door, when walking to the upstairs, you just eliminated the risk of swinging open the door in someone's
face! One more benefit: when the kids forget to turn off the lights, which never, ever happens, you'll know right away! If the home is only one
story, 'tunnel' sunlight from the roof to the stairwell via a 'skylight tube' available from 5 or 6 different manufacturer at very reasonable
Access to the outdoors is an underestimated asset. Replace the existing door with a set of French doors connecting to the backyard, [that's usually
where you find the grade at its lowest height] even if that requires again cutting through solid concrete foundation walls. Picture this: If your
new doors are facing south, you will love the winter, when the sun is at its lowest and therefore "soaks" your entire basement! Click here to see
Ducts and plumbing may need to be relocated along walls or beams, where head-room isn't so critical. Leave ceilings high in the center of rooms.
Along the walls where the ceiling is too low, a carpenter can install custom built-ins [cabinets or shelving]. It is also the perfect place to
locate closets. Design the rooms so that the posts or columns are concealed inside the walls; eliminating one or two is definitely possible, and in
most cases desirable.
If head-room is still too low, don't give up. There's always a solution: dig the floor! The existing concrete slab is removed, then dirt is excavated
and a new slab is poured. Does it sound like too much of a project? It is, but not as bad as it seems.
Use horizontal design elements to emphasize the width and length of the room rather than its lack of height. Set tiles in a diagonal pattern to make
the room feel wider.
Slightly shorten the doors [and jambs!] by an inch or two; The ceiling will seem higher and you will feel taller! [do not try this if you're 6' 6" or
taller!] You can also use smaller molding--for example, a 1" x 2" base [rather than the usual 3 1/2"] to make walls seem taller.
Carpet is acceptable, but "Mexican" tiles are prime choice if you want low maintenance and durability. Unlike carpet, ceramic tiles don't hold
moisture. Remember, you're still below grade and below other floor[s]; accidents, like a clogged dishwasher, wash machine, bathtub, toilet, or
other fixture can and will happen. Kids will spill drinks. With tiles, all you do is get the mop out! If you must have carpet, use area rugs.
Area rugs also helps in defining different areas. When they do get wet or dirty, you just roll them up and send them out for cleaning! voila!
Include a new separate heating zone, with its own thermostat.
Hang the pictures slightly lower than you would on other floors.
An extra full bathroom was once an option; now it is considered a must. In fact, many clients opt for a custom shower, with some of the following
options: built-in seat, steam, walk-in, multiple heads. Saunas are also increasing in popularity.
Please make sure to look up the pictures, the specifications of our basement remodels. Check out the "before & after plans". You might just get
some great ideas for your own basement.